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Such logs did not need to be hewn to fit well together.Careful notching minimized the size of the gap between the logs and reduced the amount of chinking (sticks or rocks) or daubing (mud) needed to fill the gap.Many older towns in Northern Scandinavia have been built exclusively out of log houses, which have been decorated by board paneling and wood cuttings.Today, construction of modern log cabins as leisure homes is a fully developed industry in Finland and Sweden.The length of one log was generally the length of one wall, although this was not a limitation for most good cabin builders. Styles varied greatly from one part of the US to another: the size of the cabin, the number of stories, type of roof, the orientation of doors and windows all needed to be taken into account when the cabin was designed.In addition, the source of the logs, the source of stone and available labor, either human or animal, had to be considered.Few log cabins dating from the 18th century still stand, but they were often not intended as permanent dwellings. Log cabins were built from logs laid horizontally and interlocked on the ends with notches (British English cog joints).Possibly the oldest surviving log house in the United States is the C. Some log cabins were built without notches and simply nailed together, but this was not as structurally sound. The most important aspect of cabin building is the site upon which the cabin was built.
It was also common to replace individual logs damaged by dry rot as necessary.The contemporaneous British settlers had no tradition of building with logs, but they quickly adopted the method.The first English settlers did not widely use log cabins, building in forms more traditional to them. Settlers often built log cabins as temporary homes to live in while constructing larger, permanent houses; then they often used the log cabins as outbuildings, such as barns or chicken coops.With suitable tools, a log cabin can be erected from scratch in days by a family.As no chemical reaction is involved, such as hardening of mortar, a log cabin can be erected in any weather or season.