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Despite the growing debate on sperms donors’ anonymity, neither the federal government nor individual states have imposed a legal registry system that would forbid anonymous gamete donation.But many donors offspring are claiming their right to know who their biological donor, and several private initiatives like the Donor-Sibling Registry have been successful in reconnecting individuals with their gamete donor, as well as siblings born from the same donor.But these levels were established in 2007 and haven’t been revised since.Moreover, they have been challenged in the past years, and even the ASRM was even sued for fixing pricing caps for egg donations.A few states allow for more than 2 persons to be recognized as legal parents. C., Louisiana, Massachusetts, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Washington and more recently California.But in most states, children can only have two legal parents, and this leaves some families in limbo.According to those guidelines, access to ART should be granted to anyone considered fit to be a parent, regardless of their marital status, sexual orientation or gender (read the ASRM Ethic committee opinion on access to fertility services by transgender persons).Equal access to healthcare and reproductive rights are considered civil rights, and any discriminating situation can be reported to organizations that fight for LGBT rights such as the National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR) or Lambda Legal.
Although gestational agreements are covered by the 2002 Uniform Parentage Act, there is no national regulation of surrogacy in the United States, and absolutely no consistency regarding surrogacy agreements throughout the states.
The situation regarding Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ART), Surrogacy and Parenting rights is very complex in the United States as Federal laws are virtually inexistent and each state has its own set of regulating laws (or sometimes none at all), often leaving each jurisdiction the right to decide on a case-by-case basis. But many aspects of third party conception, like gametes donors’ anonymity or surrogacy for instance, are left out by the U. But LGTB parenting rights are still very unequal from one state to another, and a parenting agreement remains strongly advisable to protect the relationship between a child and its second parent.
Embryo, egg and sperm donation process is regulated by the U. Co-parenting is becoming increasingly common, but still represents a tricky situation legally, especially when more than 2 parents are involved.
No national law regulates Third Party Reproduction (through sperm, egg or embryo donation, or surrogacy) in the United States.
The Association Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) publishes guidelines, but those are not enforceable by law.